The civil war in Syria first started with an uprising that erupted in March 2011, about two months after the first Arab spring revolution took place, precisely in Tunisia in January 2011. While the Tunisian revolution started when an unemployed street vendor named Mohamed Bouazizi burned himself alive in a way to protest against social injustice, the Syrian civil war started following the arrest and torture of a number of teenagers who painted revolutionary statements on a school wall. The Syrian uprising later turned into violence when activists resorted to the streets. As a result, security forces opened fire on them while demonstrating. That’s when the opposition started to hold weapons to protect themselves from the tyrannous hands of the Syrian regime. That’s when the Syrian revolution mutated into a civil war.

The current Situation

In a few months, the war in Syria is about to enter its fourth year of ongoing and complex conflicts, and the different participants in this war are getting more and more kaleidoscopic. Government supporters are tired and busy grieving over the escalating deaths in the rows of the army, leaving them vulnerable and on the edges of surrender. Even the opponent groups who are fighting against the Assad forces are divided into subgroups and are fighting against each other.

The fact that the battleground is now divided between the government and the multi-faceted extremist groups has decreased the chances of a successfully held and led revolution. As for most civilian groups, they refuse to yield to the probability that the Syrian revolution has failed, saying that it is only “asleep” and that the coming Syrian generations will one day take the lead and revive what is left of it.

Facts and figures

According to statistics provided by “Violations Documentation Center”, “Syrian Shuhada”, “Syrian Network for Human Rights”, and “Syrian Center for Statistics and Research”, the death toll in Syria reached its climax in July 2012 to finally attain an estimated total number of 191.369 deaths by August 2014.

About 3.2 million people have fled Syria to save their lives by seeking refuge in neighboring countries. However, this did not extricate them from living in distress simply because they were not the only ones living in the refugee camps. They found themselves joining many other families from other countries who have been fleeing their homelands where wars decided to pay a visit and at times settle across the Middle East for more than 70 years.

One of the refugee countries is Jordan. The country has been welcoming and hosting Palestinian, Libyan, Iraqi, Lebanese and Yemeni refugees. It even has a Somali community in one of the suburbs of its capital city, Amman.

A member of the Jordanian Red Crescent Society, Leila Tokhan alHouda, said that Jordan is “the largest refugee hub in the area, if not the world”. This is due to the fact that Jordan is “a safe country”, so she told the BBC news.

Besides the 3.2 million people who fled the country, 7.6 million people have been displaced inside Syria, forced to relocate their places of residence in an attempt to cover themselves from the bomb raids and haphazard gun fires that kept targeting their loved ones, especially their children.

Children: Number one victims of the Syrian War

The civil war in Syria has taken children to a whole new level of emotional, mental and physical abuse. Besides being killed during random bomb raids and shootouts, they are being brainwashed and manipulated till they become suicide bombers, executioners and/or fighters. If the brainwashing attempt fails, they simply try to convince them that if they will not do as they are being told; the Shiite will capture their families and rape their mothers and sisters.

Military and religious training centers have been established in areas where the Islamic State gained complete control. Young boys are being transformed into militants and young girls into sex slaves.

Usaid Barho is a Syrian 14-year-old boy who was seduced into joining the ISIS caliphate to become a suicide bomber. He was assigned to blow himself up inside a Shiite mosque, but he decided to turn himself in at the last minute. After being captured, Usaid described to the Iraqi intelligence how he was recruited by the Sunni extremists of ISIS at a mosque in his hometown, Manjib. He said that, at first, he joined the extremist group willingly, but when things got serious, he decided to retreat. The only way out for him was waiting till he reaches the site where the suicide attempt was aimed to happen and then surrender to the Iraqi forces.